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Curriculum Intent

Rooted in our Christian Foundation everyone feels valued, respected and knows their contribution will be recognised at St Lawrence. Through our broad, enjoyable and inspiring educational experiences, all pupils achieve their full potential and become confident, independent and enthusiastic learners for life. Our aim is for our pupils to be active, healthy, responsible citizens of the future.  We do this through providing education of the highest quality within a happy, secure and Christian setting whilst embracing and celebrating diversity.  We provide an inclusive environment where learners enjoy their education and we seek God’s love and support to fulfil these visions and values.

Our curriculum comprises all the learning and other experiences that St Lawrence Church of England Primary School provides to its pupils. It provides opportunities for pupils to learn and achieve, to develop their understanding of the spiritual, moral, cultural and artistic aspects of life and to prepare for their continued education.  Using and developing the Restorative Practice model throughout the school, all pupils understand their place and value and are able to thrive in a supportive and challenging educational establishment.

Our Curriculum Aims

  • Enabling every individual to achieve their fullest personal and academic potential;
  • Provide a curriculum to promote the creative, intellectual, cultural, spiritual, moral and physical development of all students;
  • Provide a broad, enjoyable and inspiring curriculum with emphasis of doing and understanding through experience;
  • Provide a curriculum which promotes an active, healthy and responsible lifestyle;
  • Equip pupils with the skills, knowledge and attitudes necessary to succeed as individuals and as responsible and valued members of society, developing independence along the way;
  • Achieve high standards across the curriculum
  • Nurture a love of learning that helps children to develop lively, imaginative and enquiring minds
  • Give pupils an understanding of religious and moral values
  • To respect other races, beliefs and ways of life
  • Foster positive social skills, self-respect and a caring attitude towards all others in the school and in the wider community through adopting the restorative practice model

We aim to teach our curriculum in an engaging, interesting and inspirational way primarily through a skills and knowledge based approach. In particular, we are using the Chris Quigley Skills Based curriculum to guide our teaching within the cross-curricular themes. Themes are structured around core texts; care is taken to provide the children with a rich language based, high quality range of texts.  These themes cover most subjects; excluding Mathematics, PSHE, PE, MFL and Religious Education, which have their own schemes. Where possible, however, links are made to embed the learning in these subjects.  Our pupils lie at the heart of this thematic learning and play a large part in planning what they would like to learn as well. This approach provides a rich diversity of exciting themes that appeal to our children while still covering all the separate elements required by our National Curriculum.

We are passionate about providing children with opportunities to apply their knowledge and understanding of the curriculum and we offer a range of trips and visits to complement their learning in school. Our Visits Plan offers children opportunities to develop and explore the local area as well as visiting places of interest further afield. We provide a number of residential visits each year, which are exciting, varied and a fantastic opportunity for relationship building.  In addition to this we provide opportunities for in-school enrichment days, allowing pupils to take part in new experiences to enhance their knowledge and understanding of the wider world.

Maths Milestones:

Knowledge Organisers

A Knowledge Organiser is a go-to document for a topic/unit of work: each one identifies the key information that children need to have learned by the end of a topic. It also acts as a tool to support children in retaining and retrieving knowledge for life-long learning.

We have developed our own Knowledge Organisers to support the delivery of the curriculum and most knowledge organisers will include:

  • the essential facts about the topic, usually laid out in easily digestible chunks
  • key vocabulary or technical terms and their meanings
  • images such as maps or diagrams
  • famous quotations, if relevant.

We hope you will find these helpful in supporting your child in their learning both inside and outside of the classroom.

Autumn 1:

Reception - Marvellous Me!

Year 1 - Superheroes

Year 2 - It's Great To Be me!

Year 3 - Who is the greatest of them all?

Year 4 - Volcanoes

Year 5 - Investigating Rivers

Year 6 - Terrible Tudors

Autumn 2:

Reception - Festivals and Celebrations

Year 1 - Reach for the Stars

Year 2 - Fire, Fire!

Year 3 - Ancient Egypt

Year 4 - Stone Age to Iron Age

Year 5 - World War One

Year 6 - Endurance

Spring 1:

Reception - 

Year 1 - 

Year 2 - 

Year 3 - 

Year 4 - 

Year 5 - 

Year 6 - 


Phonics and Reading

At St Lawrence Primary School we follow the DfE 'Letters and Sounds: Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics' alongside Storytime Phonics which separates the phonics the children need to acquire into six Phases.

A copy of the Letters and Sounds Publication is available to download on this page, this contains more detailed information.

Phase 1

This phase is largely linked to the Early Years Foundation Stage Profile and the Communication, Language and Learning area of learning.

The areas covered by Phase 1 include:

  • General Sound Discrimination - environmental sounds
  • General Sound Discrimination - Instrumental sounds
  • General Sound Discrimination - Body Percussion
  • Rhythm and rhyme
  • Alliteration
  • Voice Sounds
  • Oral Blending and segmenting

Phase 2

This phase is started when children have experienced a wide variety of listening activities, including songs, stories and rhymes. This phase teaches 19 letters and moves children on from oral blending and segmenting to blending and segmenting with letters. Children will also be taught to read VC (Vowel/consonant words e.g. it) and CVC (Consonant, vowel, consonant words e.g. cat)

Children are also introduced to 2 syllable words and captions. This phase also includes a selection of 'tricky' words which are also called high frequency words and are not phonetically readable, meaning that children need to learn them off by heart.

Letter Progression in Phase 2:

Set 1:  s, a, t, p       Set 2:  i, n, m, d       Set 3:  g, o, c, k      Set 4: ck, e, u, r    Set 5:  h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

Phase 3

The purpose of this phase is to teach another 25 graphemes (written representations of a sound), most of them comprising of two letters e.g. oa. Children will also continue to practise CVC blending and segmentation, extend their learning by spelling two and multi-syllable words. Children will also learn the letter names during this phase and also an increased range of tricky words, (Including the First 100 High Frequency words) and moving to the next 200 when ready -  both in sight reading and also spelling.

The Phase begins with:

Set 6: j, v, w, x     Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

and is followed by:

Graphemes Sample words Graphemes Sample Words
ch chip ar farm
sh shop or for
th thin / then ur hurt
ng ring ow cow
ai rain oi coin
ee feet ear dear
igh night air fair
oa boat ure sure
oo boot / look er corner

Phase 4

When children enter Phase 4 they should be able to represent each of the 42 phonemes by a grapheme and be able to blend phonemes to read CVC words and segment CVC words for spelling. This phase is one of consolidation and focuses on words which contain adjacent consonants and practising blending for reading and segmenting for spelling.

This is a short phase which does not introduce new sounds - at St Lawrence Primary, we teach Phase four alongside Phase 5 to ensure progression and challenge.

Phase 5

The purpose of this phase is for children to broaden their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for use in reading and spelling. They will learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these and graphemes they already know. Children become quicker at recognising graphemes of more than one letter in words and at blending the phonemes they represent.

The aim of Phase 5 is to make automatic the reading of all words - decodable and tricky.

New Graphemes for Reading:




ay (day)

ph (photo)

ou (out)

ew (new)

it (tie)

oe (toe)

ea (eat)

au (Paul)

oy (boy)

a-e (make)

ir (girl)

e-e (these)

ue (blue)

i-e (like)

as (saw)

o-e (home)

wh (when)

u-e (rule)


Alternative pronunciation of graphemes:



i (fin, find)

a (hat, what)

o (hot, cold)

y (yes, by, very)

c (cat, cent)

ch (chin, school, chef)

g (got, giant)

ou (out, shoulder, could, you)

u (but, put, south) 

ow (cow, blow) 

ie (tie, field) 

ea (eat, bread) 

er (farmer, her) 

Children working at Phase 5 will also work on reading and spelling two-syllable and three-syllable words. The emphasis on spelling increases in Phase 5 in readiness for Phase 6 and increased standards / expectations in Year 2 when children are expected to be able to spell 'many' of the Common Exception words.

Phase 6

At this stage children will be reading much longer pieces and decoding at a much faster speed. Children will be reading automatically and using phonics more independently to decode. Children's spelling should be phonemically accurate although will still be unconventional at times.

The aim for Phase 6 is that children will become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.

At St Lawrence Primary, we teach Phase 6 to our able Year 1 children and then into Year 2 where the Phase 6 content combines with the National Curriculum guidelines for 'Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation' (SPaG)

Phase 6 includes:

  • Past tense
  • Investigating and learning to add suffixes (-ed, -ing, -er, -est, -ful, -ly and -y, -s, -es, -en, -ment, -ness)
  • Teaching spelling of long words
  • Finding and learning the difficult bits in words
  • Learning and practising spellings - memory strategies
  • Applying spelling in writing
  • Knowledge of the spelling system


Our Reading Scheme

The reading scheme we have at St Lawrence Primary begins in Foundation Stage with children being provided with books which link directly to the phase of Phonics that they are learning about. Children work through the phases in a particular order, gradually learning new sounds in a sequence of lessons. These sounds link to the children's writing, with children being taught to write the grapheme as they learn the sounds.

This is a very successful strategy which we complement by giving children books aimed at the phase they are working on. The books gradually increase in difficulty as the children increase their knowledge of phonics. Once children are reading fluently and are confidently using many of the Phase 5 sounds, they move onto the main school reading scheme. The main school scheme is made up of many commercially purchased schemes, with a wide variety of text types, genres and a mixture of fiction and non-fiction.

Some children will have a main scheme book and also a phonics focused book to ensure they are reading at the level which is appropriate for them. Each child has an individual program to follow and is moved to the next colour band when they are ready.

We also provide all children with a library book to read alongside the reading scheme book. This is to give children the chance to choose their own books and also to give something for parents to share with children at home. It is very important that children are read to, to develop their knowledge of texts, vocabulary and to access stories and books which would be too hard for them to read to themselves.

Our reading scheme follows the 'Book Bands' system, which is widely used by Primary Schools to sort texts by their level of difficulty. The order of the colour bands is as follows:

Lilac (non-word), Pink, Red, Yellow, Blue, Green, Orange, Turquoise, Purple, Gold, White, Lime.

The document below goes in to this in more detail, explaining which colours are expected for each year group.

The following link is an information pamphlet to help support your child with reading: